What Is My Skin Type? 5 Skin Types You Should Know.

Updated: Jan 19




In my daily practice, I consider my clients' faces to be their most valuable asset, and so careful consideration is placed on identifying the basic characteristics of their faces. The shape, skin tone, and another important characteristic that must be considered at all times is the skin type. A makeup artist should be able to Identify not only a person's skin tone but also have a basic understanding of the different skin types. We work with many different physical and chemical substances so it's important to understand how these products interact with different skin.


Makeup artist chatter aside, I personally think that everyone should get familiar with their skin type because it helps you to select the correct products, reduces damage, and keeps your skin in tip-top shape. As I stated in my earlier post on C.T.M, having a successful skincare routine depends on choosing the right products. I talked about the basic skin types. Here I will break them down. So you can have can some knowledge of your of the type skin.

Without delay, let's jump right into it;


Normal skin

What is normal skin? As the name suggests, well-balanced skin is considered normal. This term is widely used not only in healthcare circles but in Cosmetology as well. Also called eudermic skin, the T-Zone (Forehead, chin, and nose bridge) can be oily, this type of skin is neither too oily nor too dry and usually requires no special attention. However, this doesn't mean you should abandon your skin, in order to keep it glowing, you need to have a skincare routine in place. Your skin needs to be moist, you need to keep your body hydrated, drink a lot of water especially in hot climates, make sure you wear sunscreen, etc.


How to identify normal skin;

Generally, a smooth texture is a good sign of healthy and radiant skin. Normal skin presents:

  • good blood circulation

  • fine pores

  • smooth texture and soft

  • rosy looking color not reddish

  • blemishes are almost always absent.

This skin type becomes dryer with aging, so an easy skincare routine will reduce aging and keep you looking fresh. Read more in Cleanse, Tone, Moisturize.



How to identify Dry Skin


What is dry skin?

This is a skin type that produces less sebum than normal skin. As a result of the lack of sebum, dry skin lacks the lipids that it needs to retain moisture and build a protective shield against external influences. This leads to an impaired barrier function. Dry skin (Xerosis) exists in varying degrees of severity and in different forms that are not always clearly distinguishable. Women suffer from dry skin than men and all skin gets dryer as it ages. So it's very important to always moisturize. Dry skin and its associated problems are common complaints and account for well over 40% of visits to dermatologists each year.


Some causes of dry skin;

  • taking long showers,

  • because your skin is dry, too much friction can cause the skin to crack and become a gateway for infection. so be sure not to over-exfoliate with this skin type.

  • using alcohol-based products can cause excessive drying of your skin.


Signs of dry skin;

  • Tightness and a rough skin feeling often indicate dry skin.

  • Itching

  • Perspiration: active water loss from the glands caused by heat, stress, and activity.

  • Trans-epidermal water loss (TEWL): the natural, passive way in which skin diffuses about half a liter of water a day from the deeper skin layers.

  • Pronounced wrinkles and lines are seen more in elderly men and women with dry skin.

Dry skin is caused by a lack of:

  • Natural moisturizing factors (NMFs) – help to bind in water.

  • Epidermal lipids such as ceramides, fatty acids, and cholesterol are needed for a healthy skin barrier function.

  • And the simplest cause is not taking the time out to hydrate.



How to identify Oily Skin


What is oily skin?

Oily skin results from an excess of sebum production, an overproduction of sebum is known as seborrhea. how do you know your skin type is oily?

Oily skin is characterised by;

  • enlarged, clearly visible pores

  • a glossy and shine

  • thicker, pale skin: and unlike normal skin, blood vessels maybe

  • people with oily skin type most times present acne.


How to identify the different types of oily skin?

During puberty, Acne concerns often appear in the T-zone, especially.


Things that can make oily skin worse;

  • Stress

  • Change in climate (heat or too much humidity)

  • Genetics

  • Hormonal imbalances

  • Medication use

  • Some make-up products that irritate the skin otherwise called comedogenic cosmetics)

  • Diet (High ingestion of greasy foods)

  • Poor Hygiene (Failure to cleanse the skin periodically) Read more; learn how to Cleanse, Tone, and Moisturize.


Oily skin and makeup

When it comes to makeup application and people with acne for me there exists a gray area. I usually don't recommend that people wear makeup. there may be problems that may arise later. Once there are signs of irritation, redness. Foundation and concealers make cause further breakouts. Once you follow the right C.T.M procedure. I recommend oil-free products. Gel-based cleansers are also a good start. Toners that help to eliminate blackheads.


I recommend this Gel-based toner and this oil-free foundation by Maybelline to start;


REN Clean Skincare Glow Tonic - Cruelty Free & Vegan Pore Reducing Toner with Resurfacing AHAs & BHAs - for Daily Facial Brightening, Exfoliate, Hydrate & Even Skin Tone



Oil-free foundation;

Maybelline Fit Me Matte + Poreless Liquid Foundation Makeup, Classic Ivory, 1 fl. oz. Oil-Free Foundation


Having oily skin shouldnt be the reason for not wearing makeup and achieving that trendy look you want, there are foundations and other makeup out there that are made specially for you. Check out my blog post on how to choose make for persons with oily skin: IN this article you can find other great makeup brands that offer safe makeup just for you, Read more here; How to choose the Right Foundation for Oily Skin

Sensitive skin

Generally, people who have sensitive skin, easily have localized reactions to a wide variety of substances once they come in contact with their skin.

, like chemical

Sensitive skin can show up as,

  • most times localized Itching

  • burning sensation.

  • redness.

  • dryness

Certain types of linen or friction can irritate the skin causing all the above, itching, redness, burning, etc. In my practice, I am very careful when applying makeup to someone with sensitive skin.

It can cause a breakout, irritation most times.


Combination skin

What do we call combination skin?

When it comes to combination skin, what goes in the T-Zone is important. An oily T-Zone (forehead, nose bridge, and chin) with dry cheek areas is a good indication of combination skin. T-zone and the cheeks vary greatly in combination skin types. The combination skin type does not present and even distribution of sebaceous and sweat gland, hence the T-Zone is normally oily but the cheeks are normal or can be dry at times. Different care may be required in different areas of the face.

To summarize points to remember about want to look for in a person with Combination skin :

  • an oily T-zone (forehead, chin, and nose) look for occasional blackheads and shiny skin. Especially on the forehead.

  • enlarged pores

  • when compared to oily skin, the cheeks will appear normal to dry


Some causes of combination skin

Just like the oily skin type, the oily parts of the skin are caused by an overproduction of sebum. The drier parts of combination skin are caused by a lack of sebum.


I recommend that you visit your dermatologist for a more comprehensive determination of your skin type.

I can't stress enough how important having a good skincare routine will change the way you feel, physically and mentally. learn more about Cleansing, Toning, and Moisterising , this is a habit you could practice that doesn't require a professional to a more healthy youthful look. So put that into your habit trackers and calenders, taking time out to simply wash your face does make a difference.

Ok, lovies, once again it was a pleasure, and I appreciate you supporting my blog. Until next time, stay fabulous!


Learning to use the right makeup tools when applying your makeup is important, it allows for smoother application when using the right makeup brush with the correct foundation ideal for you skin type. Learn more about the different types of makeup brushes and their uses here: The Beginners Guide for Makeup Brushes and their Uses

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